Lithion Recycling’s Lithium-Ion Battery Recycling Plant Development

Our goal: over 20 battery recycling plants worldwide over the next 15 years

Lithion Recycling aims to develop toward worldwide commercialization of its technology. A three-phase deployment strategy will meet the needs of the market and end users while contributing to GHG emissions reduction.

In 2023, Lithion will launch its first commercial recycling operations, drawing on data from its highly successful industrial-scale demonstration plant commissioned in January 2020. The opening of this facility, with a capacity of 7,500 metric tons per year of lithium-ion batteries, will be followed in 2025 by the launch of Lithion’s first hydrometallurgical plant. Lithion has multiple facilities in the pipeline for the U.S., Europe and Korea, in line with its vision to support rapid deployment and enhanced battery end-of-life management globally.

Our multi-phase technology development approach

The Lion Project: A Pilot Plant

The Lion Project consists of the construction and operation of a lithium-ion battery recycling pilot plant, operating with our innovative process. This plant is able to recycle 200 metric tonnes of batteries per year, the equivalent of 300 to 650 electric car batteries. The project’s goal is to produce strategic materials at the purity required by battery manufacturers.

To bring this project to fruition, Lithion Recycling has the support of a solid consortium:

  • Seneca
  • Call2Recycle
  • Hydro-Québec’s Center of Excellence in Transportation Electrification and Energy Storage (CCETSE)
  • Centre d’Études des Procédés Chimiques du Québec (CÉPROCQ)

A First-Generation Commercial Plant

Using data collected at the pilot plant, Lithion Recycling began studies in 2020 for the construction of a commercial plant. The goal is to acquire operational experience with this innovative process while minimizing deployment risks. This first-generation commercial plant will have an annual capacity of 7,500 metric tonnes, the equivalent of 15,000 electric car batteries. It will be the final step before worldwide deployment of commercial plants.

While its chief purpose is commercial, the 7,500-tonne plant will also act as a research and development centre for Lithion Recycling that will contribute to continuous process improvement and serve as a training site for future operators of commercial plants. It will play an important strategic role for the company’s growth by supporting commercialisation and licensing.

Our Commercial Vision and Growth Potential

The need for lithium-ion battery recycling is growing exponentially and our commercial plants will have scalable capacities to adapt to the market size.

With a minimum capacity of 10,000 metric tonnes per year, these plants will be able to process the equivalent of over 20,000 electric car batteries per year.

Because the volume of batteries at the end of their life is spread worldwide, Lithion Recycling is planning large-scale international deployment, which will be achieved by granting licenses to partner/operators.

The goal is to commission over 20 battery recycling plants in the next 15 years in cities where the need is most urgent.

To support this growth and to guide operators in commissioning their plants, Lithion Recycling will use its first-generation plant (200 tonnes) and a knowledge center as training grounds. Cost-effective even at a small scale, the disruptive technology developed by Lithion Recycling will democratize battery recycling, allowing operators to treat used batteries locally.

Why recycle lithium-ion batteries?